Ask your queries and doubts from our experts and we will notify the responses to you.
While on your journey to embracing parenthood through IVF or other treatment procedures, you will often come across certain words that may sound baffling to you. We have, hence, compiled here a glossary of the most commonly used terms that will help you understand the clear meaning of the terminology.
Andrologist: A specialist or a technician whose work involves performing a semen analysis, preparing sperms for IVF, and sperm washing for IUI.
Anovulation: No ovulation or very less ovulation.
Artificial Insemination (AI): Also referred to as Intrauterine Insemination or IUI. It is a procedure where sperms are first prepared for insertion into the uterus and are then transferred into the inside of the uterus.
Assisted Reproductive Technologies (ART): Refers to a group of advanced fertility treatments including IVF and ICSI that involve manipulations of the egg and sperm in a laboratory to establish a pregnancy.
Azoospermia: Absence of sperms in the semen of a man.
Basal Body Temperature (BBT): The temperature measured in the morning that is used to see the pattern of temperature indicating ovulation.
Beta hCG (Beta Human Chorionic Gonadotropin) – The hormone that is produced by the female body during a pregnancy. Beta hCG levels, or BHCG, is used to detect as well as monitor the growth of an early pregnancy.
Blastocyst: The stage of embryo development that is achieved after around 5 days upon the fertilization of the egg.
Cervix: The lower section of the uterus which protrudes into the vagina and functions as a reservoir for sperms.
Clomid: A fertility drug given to women to stimulate ovulation.
Cryopreservation: The freezing and storage method used for sperms, eggs, embryos, or other tissues.
Cyst: A fluid-filled structure inside the ovary. Most cysts generally resolve on their own with time and are very common.
DI: DI or Donor Insemination is the process of inserting the donor sperm into the womb so as to fertilize the egg.
Donor Eggs: These are the eggs that are taken from a fertile woman and implanted in another woman.
Doxycycline: An antibiotic generally employed to cure bacterial infections of the reproductive tract.
Ectopic Pregnancy: A pregnancy that occurs outside of the uterus, usually in the fallopian tube, and should be removed either surgically or by medication to avoid high-risk conditions.
Egg Retrieval: A method used to collect the eggs from a woman’s ovary. The procedure is also referred to as TVOR (Trans-Vaginal Oocyte Retrieval), Egg Pick Up (EPU), or Egg Harvest.
Embryo: Embryo is referred to the very early stages of a baby, just upon the joining of the egg and sperm. An embryo lacks any kind of tissues or organs.
Embryo Transfer: The procedure where the embryos are artificially placed into the uterus with the intent to make a pregnancy happen.
Endometrium: The lining of the uterus.
Estrogen: A hormone produced by the ovary.
Fallopian Tubes: It is the passageway between the abdomen and the uterus. It is the fallopian tube where the fertilization of the egg and the sperm takes place and the formed embryo then travels along the fallopian tube into the uterus.
Fertility: The ability to conceive a pregnancy.
Fertilization: When the sperm enters the egg, the egg is said to be fertilized. The process of the egg and sperm coming together is known as fertilization.
Follicle: A group of cells that create a cavity in the ovary where the egg grows before it is released during ovulation.
Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH): A hormone from the pituitary gland that stimulates ovarian follicles to grow.
Gestational Age: The length of the pregnancy counted from the very first day of the last menstrual period. Ideally, a normal pregnancy is expected to last for the period of approximately 40 weeks.
Gonadotropins: The hormones that are responsible for stimulating the ovary to produce multiple eggs.
Hysteroscopy: A procedure where a thin, telescope-like instrument is inserted into the uterus through the cervix that enables the doctor to visualize as well as photograph the area.
In Vitro Fertilization (IVF): It is a procedure where eggs extracted from a woman’s ovary are mixed with sperms in a lab dish to allow fertilization to take place. The embryos formed thereby are then placed back into the woman’s uterus for establishing a pregnancy.
Infertility: Inability to conceive a pregnancy.
Luteal phase: The second half phase of the menstrual cycle in females is called the luteal phase. The phase begins right after ovulation and lasts till the time you start your next menstrual cycle.
Luteinizing Hormone (LH): It is one of the gonadotropin hormones responsible for the final maturation of the egg.
Oligospermia: It is the condition in which a man has only a few sperms to fertilize an egg by the normal process.
Ovulation: The process where the egg is released from the ovary in women.
Ovum: Ovum is another word for the egg produced in women during ovulation.
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID): It is referred to as an infection that causes the Inflammation of the uterus, fallopian tubes, and the ovaries. It is one of the major causes of infertility in women.
Placenta: It is the tissue that connects the fetus with the mother during pregnancy. It produces the necessary hormones that help support pregnancy and allows nutrient and waste exchange with the maternal circulation.
Polycystic Ovaries (PCO): Also known as the Stein-Leventhal Syndrome, PCO is a hormonal condition demonstrated by irregular ovulation and excess production of androgen.
Progesterone: A hormone that is essential for supporting a developing pregnancy. It makes the uterine lining receptive to implantation.
Prolactin: It is the milk-production hormone that is produced in the pituitary gland.
Prostaglandin: The hormone that is responsible for the release of the egg from the follicle at ovulation. It is also responsible for the cramping that is often experienced by women during the menstrual cycle.
Semen: The liquid material produced by males during ejaculation. It consists of nutritive fluid and sperms.
Semen Analysis: A test where the semen sample is analyzed on various aspects including the sperm count, sperm volume, motility, morphology, pH, and maturity.
Sonogram (Ultrasound): An examination performed using sound waves that enables visualization of the internal pelvic organs.
Sperm: The main agents of male reproduction, which are produced in the testes and released into the semen.
Sperm Morphology: It refers to the shape of the sperms when viewed under the microscope. The more the count of the normal sperms in the semen, higher are the chances of fertilization with the egg.
Sperm Motility: It refers to the movement of the sperm.
Testosterone: The hormone produced by males that is responsible for the male type features such as hair growth, deepening of the voice, and sex drive.
Ultrasound: A scanning procedure where high frequency sound waves are used to generate images of the internal organs of the body, such as the womb and ovaries.
Uterus: The womb, or the uterus, is the structure that carries the pregnancy. Contractions of the uterus expel the baby at the time of delivery.
Zygote: The stage of development where an egg is fertilized but not yet divided. Once the genetic information is merged and the cell division happens, the structure is called an embryo.